Alzheimer’s disease, beginning quietly, often in old age, gradually progresses, leading to irreversible changes in the brain. The patient in this case is becoming helpless, requiring ever-present surveillance. Unfortunately, the disease is considered incurable today. What causes Alzheimer’s disease, whether it is possible to prevent development of the disease – many scientists are working on these issues, but so far the response to them will not.
Today there are several hypotheses that could explain the progression of atrophic processes in the nervous system. But none of them is considered to be generally recognized. Modern medicine is inclined to the theory, that in and around neurons in the brain protein deposits are formed, disrupting neurons with nerve cells, causing their death. As a result, the brain can not cope with the functions, which leads to the development of the disease. But a clear answer about the reason for these changes has not yet been received.
Causes Of Alzheimer’s Disease
Today, however, already established risk factors that significantly increase the likelihood of developing the disease.
Old age – the main cause of Alzheimer’s disease. Upon reaching the age of 65 the number of cases doubles.
Heredity also plays a major role in the development of the disease. Changed for any reason genes can not transmit correct information cells, brain cells as a result of changing its structure, forming plaques. An example is the familial forms of the disease as well as patients with Down syndrome.
Gender. Among patients more often are women.
Nitrates – according to the existing theory, they accumulate in the body throughout life, in old age lead to the destruction of neurons. Also a negative impact on human health Exposure to aluminum microparticles, zinc, mercury, and other metals.
Head injuries, including birth, concussion.
Psychological shock, depression.
Exposure to electromagnetic rays, radiation.
Lack of intellectual activity. One theory is that the causes of Alzheimer’s disease is a lack of level of education. In intellectual between nerve cells there is a much larger number of communications; when a cell death function immediately transferred to the other. In poorly educated patient such links are not enough.
Myocardial infarction, stroke and others.
However, there are hazards that can be modified in any way. These include pathological states resulting in developing an oxygen deficiency in the nerve cells of the brain: hypertension, atherosclerosis, diabetes, hypothyroidism, cholesterol in blood, the oxygen deficiency resulting from disease of the respiratory and cardiovascular systems, as well as the circulatory .
The deteriorating with each passing year the environmental situation, the dominance of bad habits (alcohol and smoking), the use of fatty foods in the food also can not affect the incidence, significantly increasing the risk of developing the disease. Of course, on some factors to get rid of a person not under force. However, many of them as possible, if not eliminate completely from life, or at least correct. Also be aware that the presence of a factor does not mean the inevitable development of the disease. If a person belongs to a risk group, the attention to their health will help spot the disease. If treatment is necessary, begun in the early stages, if not eliminate the disease, prevent its further progression.