The main complication of Alzheimer’s disease is a complete degradation of the individual.
A consequence of that is the disease itself, what is the significance of various risk factors, and whether it is possible to avoid the disease?
Some of the other complications and risk factors
Already known genes transmitting predisposition for some forms of Alzheimer’s disease. From genes to fight hard. But it is possible to lead a healthy lifestyle , to maintain a high level of physical, intellectual and social activity. And the likelihood of the disease reduced.
Current research does not rule out the role of cholesterol in the formation of amyloid plaques – the main morphological substrate of the disease. Therefore, hypolipidemic diet , timely diagnosis and treatment of vascular diseases and serve as a good preventive measure.
Impaired glucose metabolism in the brains of Alzheimer’s disease. Scientists have noticed a decrease in insulin levels in the brain and brain increase resistance to this hormone in Alzheimer’s disease. The same changes are characteristic of diabetes.
Clinical observations indicate that the long-term course of type II diabetes (15 years or more), the probability of Alzheimer’s disease is increased twice in comparison with healthy people of the same age. Some scientists figuratively called Alzheimer’s “third type of diabetes.”
This connection has not yet been reliably proven. But it is clear that diabetes – a risk factor for Alzheimer’s disease . Therefore, keeping a predisposition to the disease, prompt diagnosis and treatment – important preventive measures.
On the role in the development of dementia, certain viral infections (HIV, syphilis, viral encephalitis) has long been known. But it turned out that in the brain of patients with Alzheimer’s 70% common herpes simplex virus. Scientists conducted experiments in vitro and in mice, and found that the herpes virus causes an increase in amyloid formation in brain cells. Scientists are working to develop a vaccine against herpes. But so far, not soft on this “colds” sore!
If the diagnosis of the disease has been made, it is important to know what are the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease and how it threatens.
changing emotional background: a person becomes a morose, suspicious. All their loss due to external factors – everything in the surrounding fells – “hide, steal.” There is a growing irritability, outbursts of anger appear, aggression. However, episodes of aggression, mainly characterized by verbal attacks: the patient screams, swears, curses relatives. But maybe push, hit.
In the moderate stage , in the period of excitation, delirium patient starts to rush, may drop something, he falls. Falls and at rest due to growing unease movements. Impaired coordination and promote psychotropic drugs used in treatment. Falling sick is breaking legs, arms. Especially because in old age develop osteoporosis, cause increased bone fragility. The most frequent and serious consequence of falls – a hip fracture (60 – 80% of all fractures).
The vegetative coma, in Alzheimer’s disease
There comes a state when a person is not aware of himself or the environment, constantly lying in a fetal position. This condition is called a vegetative coma. Unlike true coma patient persists alternating sleep and wakefulness, and it responds to certain stimuli. Personality has not only left the body with primitive reactions.
Death comes from the joining of somatic diseases and complications.