The anorexia is a complicated disorder. The exact and real causes are hard to detect. A lot of factors are involved in developing and maintaining anorexia. The desire to be slim is an ideal in our culture. There may be many other psychological, emotional, parental, biological and social factors involved in this regard. A sudden change in family setup, a hard experience or a severe criticism may lead a person to anorexia. The experts have classified these factors in three classes.
1. Social and Family Stress
The natural wish to be slim is the first cultural pressure. In addition the social meetings play an important role especially where some physical activities like dancing, touching elevated items, modeling and aerobics are required. When a person feels himself unfit there or is criticized, ridiculed or simply told to be heavy for these activities, he may initiate anorexic activities in him. The parents who keep a strict control on the body shape of the children, pressurize them to be smart and keep a constant eye on their weight, may cause them to gain anorexia. The class activities, dieting parents and long walking to school may cause a child to get anorexia nervosa.
2. Psychological Causes of Anorexia
Some people are psychologically idealistic, purist, obsessive and perfectionist. They rush towards the completion what the others expect from them. They are always in try to satisfy others and seeking attention by quick activities. So they try to stay over fit and super “movers”. This psychological trend causes anorexia. While in fact they are empty, under structured and worthless in their insides. The continuous struggle on an un-ending path always remains unsatisfied.
3. Biological Causes of Anorexia
Some researches show a biological link for anorexia nervosa. The genetic trend of anorexia may not be a complete factor but may support the phenomena in the offspring. A child with anorexia in one or both of parents has 25% more chances to have anorexia. There are hormonal variations too. The anorexic person has low-level of norepinephrine and serotonin in his brain. This hormone produces the sense of happiness and satisfaction. At the same time he has higher level of cortisol there in. This hormone produces stress and tension. So the lack of satisfaction and a plus of stress are produced in the feelings of the person. This variation of hormones may cause the anorexia likely to take place.
Risk Factors of Anorexia
The person with anorexia may be at the following risks
- Inferiority complex
- Over idealism
- Feebleness and lack of energy
- Physical frustration
- Memory loss or slow memory problems
- Sexual abuses
- Constipation and swelling
- Family and relationship troubles
- Causing other family members eating disorder
- Problems in expressing the feelings
- Decaying of teeth and bones
- Strict and unnecessary dieting
- Medical complications
- Disfigured body structure
- Fine and unwanted hair growth on the body and face
- Yellow, pale and dried skin
- Depression and ill responsive mood changes
- Headaches, giddiness and fainting
The anorexia is not a common as it is commonly assumed. It makes the body to consume its reserves rapidly. The constant lack of food, calories and body fuel may have adverse effects on the health and physique. No one can predict all the problems which will arise as consequences of this eating disorder. There are recoveries and treatments to get rid of or avoid this trouble.