What is Anxiety?
Anxiety is a sense of unease, fear, worry, apprehension and nervousness. It is a mental illness which makes the brain unsatisfied of something. This uneasiness or worry may be mild or harsh. For example hesitation and reluctance in an interview is a mild anxiety disorder. Medically, the anxiety is the collective name of different mental disorders. These disorders affect our behavior, attitude and feelings. In an anxiety disorder a person behaves different from how he must behave in normal conditions. He finds it difficult to sense, analyze and decide in normal and proper way in his common life. All these disorders have the real physical symptoms and most of them have proper treatments too.
Followings are the main anxiety disorders.
1. Social Anxiety Disorder
It is also called social phobia. In this anxiety disorder a person feels an over-tension from daily social circumstances. He feels that he is under observation and becomes extra conscious of his existence. He gets worried in the social gatherings that he might be taken wrong, will be ridiculed or he will have to face humiliation. To avoid these self-considered situations he avoids being social.
2. OCD – Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Obsession means a bothered though and compulsion means an infected habit or routine. The obsessive-compulsory disorder makes a person stick to a permanent thinking or fear. In order to overcome this fear, he sticks some special habits. For example a person fears that his hands got contaminated and he keeps washing them again and again all the times. He checks the door locks and electrical switches even if he knows that he has already done it.
3. GAD – Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Sometimes a person gets habitual of being afraid of things that are not frightening or do not even exist. It is known as generalized anxiety disorder. The person may get worried about his family, income, business or bank balance. The constant worry and disappointment makes him unable to identify the facts and adopt the corrective methods. The GAD does not let the sufferer do some right for the situations, he is worrying about.
4. Panic Disorder
When a person feels fear from the sudden or un-warned things, he may have panic disorder. However this is not the only symptom of panic disorder. Pain in the chest, trembling and sweetening is also the symptoms of this panic disorder. In the panic attack the sufferer may feel that he is going to die, having a heart attack or getting mad. He may suffer nausea, sleepiness or breathing problems. The person with this anxiety disorder may consider any of these symptoms as a fatal one. Taking some steps to deal with these situations, he may adopt extreme behavior.
A phobia is an illogical or unreasonable fear from some situation or a physical object. This anxiety disorder is found in many people in mild or severe condition. It is a group of different types of phobias in which the people get afraid of some definite condition or a specific thing. Fear from the scorpion or snake or getting afraid of falling from higher places are the common examples. These specific phobias affect the sufferer’s routines and common life activities. Agoraphobia is a famous anxiety disorder of this kind.
6. PTSD – Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
This anxiety disorder is linked with the previous incidents. It occurs as a result of sever and unexpected events. The memories of that event stick to the mind of a person which constantly freezes his feelings and behavior. The person with PTSD becomes emotionally dead. An unexpected death of a beloved, a rape, military combat or an accident may be the cause of post traumatic stress disorder. Next….Symtoms