Diarrhea takes place due to a lot of causes. It may be due to some intestinal infection, mal nutrition, bacteria, virus or a kind of allergy.
What Is Diarrhea?
Diarrhea is a state in which the stool gets loose or watery and its frequency is increased. It is the condition opposite to constipation and may have a lot of reasons. Commonly the digestive track of the human body has a specific speed of food passage and water absorption. This frequency remains regular in healthy conditions. When due to some reason, speed of food travelling is increased or absorption rate is decreased, the stool carries more liquid and its frequency is increased. This condition makes the stool loose and speedy. It is known as diarrhea.
The Word diarrhea
The word Diarrhea originated from the Greek word “diarrhoia”. Dia stands for “flow” and “rrhoia” means “through”. The phrase “flowing through” was invented by Hippocrates. The American spell it “diarrhea”, and in British English it is written as “diarrhoea”.
What Causes Diarrhea?
Followings are the main causes of diarrhea.
1. IBS – (Irritable bowel syndrome)
Irritable bowel syndrome is a type of disorder that causes stomachache and pain. It produces variation in bowel schedule, and additional symptoms.
2. IBD – (Inflammatory bowel disease)
This is a group of diseases which cause irritation and soreness in the intestinal area. It has two main types.
A. Crohn’s disease.
It is first type of bowel disease related to IBD. It generally influences the intestines, but can happen anyplace beginning from the mouth to the ending of the anus.
B. Ulcerative colitis.
It is second type of bowel disease related to IBD. It has an effect on the inside layer of the large intestine (colon) and anus.
Rotavirus is a kind of virus. It is the most frequent reason of cruel diarrhea among babies and younger children.
4. Bacterial infection
The diarrhea is also caused by a kind of bacteria causing Gastrointestinal Infections.
5. A kind of allergy
It affects the internal linings of the digestive tracks, is also a cause of diarrhea..
In relation to the World Health Organization (WHO) about 3.5 million deaths every year are concerned to diarrhea. About 80% of these deaths take place in children below the age of 5 years. Children are more vulnerable to the problem of diarrhea since even a lesser quantity of liquid loss cause dehydration, than the adults.
Acute diarrhea and chronic diarrhea are two basic terms for short time and long time diarrhea respectively. They are a main cause of death especially in children. The death ratio is higher in the developing countries. People facing diarrhea frequently have fever or stomachache or both.