Explore here the kinds and symptoms of eczema. Also read some treatments and remedies for this disease too.
What is Eczema?
Eczema is not a single disease but is a set of skin diseases. It is the collective name of the medical conditions which make the skin reddened, swollen, inflamed, itchy or irritated. Eczema is a Greek term used for boiling and now denotes to inflamed skin. There are more than ten medical conditions which cause to develop eczema. It is mostly in the shape of small blisters containing fluids which later on burst making the skin thickened and eminent. It is actually a reaction of the skin to different attacking factors. Eczema is famous as dermatitis, atopic dermatitis or atopic eczema, which are actually its kinds and causes. The main types of eczema are allergic sensitivity, discoid, seborrhoeic, atopic and irritation to a substance. The kinds and symptoms of eczema depend upon the cause of eczema. Occasionally the signs and symptoms of eczema may be same or similar for all kinds.
Eczema may take place at any stage of age but it mostly occurs in the earlier age. According to a survey in the US and UK, the ratio of this disease in children is 3 times higher than in adults. However in the children, it takes place after 10 years age. Due to some unknown causes, the infection has increased about 4 times in the past three decades. Most kinds of eczema are partially treatable, however sometimes its symptoms go with the life. Also the results of some treatments are restricted to improvements and not to its complete eradication.
Symptoms of Eczema
It is hard to distinguish between the different kinds of eczema as the symptoms for the different kinds are very similar to each other. Followings are the main symptoms.
- The skin gets itchy. It is the most prominent symptom.
- Redness appears on the skin and there may be bumps on it.
- The infected area gets inflamed, dried, raw and scaly.
- The skin may break and crack at and near the allergic spot.
- The infected area becomes thick and elevated.
- Most often the blisters having liquid in them appear on the skin surface which bursts later on and secrete fluids.
- When the blisters burst the skin gets crusts.
In severe cases, perspiration, temperature change, mental stress or excessive bathing may also be the signs.
Causes of Eczema
There are a lot of causes of eczema. Some scientists believe that this infection comes with the birth of a person and then some factors make it to appear. It is believed that when some annoyance affects the skin, the body defense system shows reaction to this irritation. Sometimes this reaction is very hard due to which the eczema takes place. Followings are the main causes.
1. Genetics – The genetic concern of the infection is known from a long time ago. But the gene included in eczema trouble was discovered in 2006 by American scientists. This gene carries disease instructions. It makes the skin dried and scaly. The cell walls which stop extra water evaporation from the skin become week or inactive. It allows the water to evaporate excessively and skin gets broken and scratched.
2. Family Records – It has been observed that the families with allergy history in past get more eczema than others with zero allergy record.
3. Substance Sensitivity – Some people are allergic of some chemicals and material. When they have intact with these things, the allergy may appear in the shape of eczema. Soaps, shampoos, medicines, paints and hard water often cause this trouble in people sensitive to these things.
4. Environmental Aspects – Some weather elements or air pollutants urge the skin immune system to response heavily causing the problem.
5. Foods – Some foods like curd, milk, wheat, eggs and grains become its cause. For example some people are allergic of wheat and grains and get celiac disease.
6. Hormonal Effects – The hormonal changes may also be a reason. During pregnancy the women are at great risk (and they mostly get it too) due to these changes.
Treatment of Eczema
The eczema can never be treated completely if it severely attacks. The remedies are provided just to reduce its effects. The medicines provide temporary treatment and rarely eradicate the disease. In gentle condition, it is not more irritating and may leave you any time. The medicines may help reduce the inflammation and itchiness. The following measures may be useful.
1. Apply some skin softening cream to decrease hardness.
2. Do not use very hot or cold water.
3. Do not wash the skin again and again. It will cause more evaporation.
4. You can take some antibiotics to stop the infection to spread.
5. Try to keep the skin wet with moisturizing creams.