The chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum indicum) is a plant with a cheerful and pleasant aspect created by the very beautiful colour of its flower petals – a bright yellow. It is also known as the autumn daisy, the big chrysanthemum or the beautiful chrysanthemum. It belongs to the Asteraceae family and it is native from China, where there is an ancient city named Ju-Xian “chrysanthemum city”.
Chrysanthemums are grown for ornamental purposes and are highly appreciated by everyone for the pleasant ambient they create, adorning the gardens and public parks, as well as people’s houses. This perennial plant has a straight strain and grows up to 0.5-1.5 m high. Its leaves are large, deeply notched, smooth and shiny green. The flowers are large, yellow and bloom in autumn while the fruit has the shape of an achene.
The chrysanthemum is used as a medicinal herb because of its special properties. Its yellow flowers are harvested in autumn, when they are fully open. Chrysanthemum flowers have the following constituent elements: vitamin A, vitamin B1, glycoside substances, choline, amino acids, adenine, volatile oil, flavonoids and other substances.
The chrysanthemum flower tea is prepared as follows: place 2 teaspoons of dried chrysanthemum flowers per cup in the boiling water and let them infuse for 10 minutes. The tea will have a light yellow colour and a floral aroma. It can be sweetened with a little sugar, and if you want (before you drink it) the flowers can be removed from the water.
In the Chinese medicine, the chrysanthemum flower tea is used to treat flu, colds, coughs, to soothe sore throats and heatstroke. Drink 3 cups of tea per day. The chrysanthemum flower tea is recommended after each meal because it helps digestion, especially if very oily foods were consumed.
Tea helps in lowering blood pressure, calms the nerves and detoxifies the blood, helping eyesight and hearing. It also has a very good effect on tired or puffy eyes due to crying and the blurred vision, too. Dip the flowers in water and then apply them directly on the eye as poultices.
For treating high blood tension it is recommended to drink the tea prepared as follows: add 12 g dried chrysanthemum flowers and 1 g of green tea per cup in boiling water, let it infuse for 8 minutes, then strain and sweeten it with a teaspoon of honey. Drink this tea in small sips every day, throughout the day.
Acne – Apply directly on your face poultice from chrysanthemum flowers which were previously kept in warm water because they have excellent antiseptic properties.
This tea quenches thirst, removes dizziness, it calms headache and gradually reduces liver inflammation. It is said that it has an inhibitory effect on some bacteria, too. It relaxes the body, removes stress, calms emotions, anger, grief and prolongs life.
Chrysanthemum flower tea is a perfect summer drink for everyone, it has a cooling effect on the body. In China it is considered to be one of the most popular herbal teas, being used for more than 2000 years.