Candidiasis is a condition caused by the excessive growth of the Candidas albicans bacteria in the intestines, the stomach, mouth or genitals. the Candida albicans bacteria is present in the intestinal flora of a healthy body along with other bacteria, which are involved in normal physiological processes; excessive growth of the bacteria causes mycosis, which is infectious, generating numerous medical complications if the necessary measures haven’t been taken as early as possible.
Mycosis can occur as a postoperative complication in the internal organs or due to dental interventions, threatening the results of the interventions, Candidiasis located in the mouth produces a general feeling of discomfort, the mucous membranes being inflamed and irritated, characterized by a white and reddened skin. If untreated it leads to lesions that bleed and make the processes of chewing and digestion difficult; even more the bacteria can migrate to the pharynx, esophagus causing the patient serious complications. Mycosis can occur at children with a very sensitive skin due to the long time of using diapers.
For these situations it is recommended to pay more attention, so the use of cotton diapers is advised, which allow the absorption of moisture. The baby’s skin should be cleaned with soap and water before using a new diaper, so avoid as much as possible the use of wipes which maintain moisture. Your baby’s skin should be allowed to breathe at least 1-2 hours per day, time in which we do not recommend the use of diapers.
The most common form of candidiasis is the vaginal candidiasis, which is a fungal infection difficult to treat, which is transmitted through unprotected sex from one partner to another. Even though the treatment is relatively simple, involving certain antifungal prophylaxis, and a few hygiene rules are established, the disease quickly recurring when one of the basic rules is violated.
Consultation is mandatory once the first symptoms of the disease manifest: itching and burning of the vulva and anus, abdominal pain during intercourse, thicker vaginal discharge, , urinary difficulties, infections and damage to the perineum. As a result of unprotected sex, men can also develop candidiasis, which is characterized by the itching and irritation of the penis. But in women the disease is more virulent and it can lead to serious complications if it is not treated in time.
The bacteria can migrate from the vagina to the cervix which can lead to wounds on the cervix. The fallopian tubes can also be irreversibly affected by the bacteria; complications can lead to their obstruction which will make you unable to have children. Recent studies have established a direct link between infertility and candidiasis with more relapses. Fungal infections can cause complications during pregnancy and may pose a threat to the natural childbirth; there is also the risk of infecting the fetus during labor.
The occurrence of mycosis is favored by certain factors and the overall health of the body; people with low immunity are more likely to develop this condition. One of the main causes of the apparition of the affection is the long term usage of antibiotics; antibiotics destroy the intestinal flora of the body and they promote the excessive growth of the Candida albicans bacteria. To prevent candidiasis, it is recommended that during a treatment with antibiotics to take a fungistatic drug like nystatin, which keeps under control the number of bacteria in the body. Stress and depression favor the appearance of mycoses because they imbalance the body.
People with immunity related diseases as herpes, AIDS or people undergoing chemotherapy are prone to this disease due to their low body resistance. Foods rich in carbohydrates (pasta and potatoes), sweets (chocolate, honey, and sugar), fermented products (cheese, yogurt, bread) alcoholic drinks and coffee can be the cause of the disease. Moderation in diet prevents candidiasis and ensures optimal functioning of the body. Hormonal changes as pregnancy or menstruation and birth are all favoring factors for the emergence of fungi.
Through a rigorous intimate hygiene the apparition of mycosis can be prevented, for those who have treated it. The use of natural fibers is recommended, and you should also try to avoid using synthetic underwear; household clothing must be comfortable, not too tight.
Soaps and lotions for intimate use are most often with a pH higher than the intimate area and the overuse of these products may affect the vaginal flora, destroying the natural balance of the secretion whose role is to protect against infections.
For people who have had candidiasis, gynecologists recommend to use with caution the internal tampons during menstruations, because they maintain moisture which promotes bacterial growth. In the case of this affection consulting a doctor is mandatory, because he is the only person who is able to prescribe the right treatment to every patient, based on the analysis made.