Fainting can occur when you expect less due to some temporary imbalances and represents a state of accentuated weakness, a temporary loss of consciousness. Sometimes, this state is caused by a severe health problem, like heart or blood vessels illnesses; in healthy persons, it appears when they have a brief reduction of the cerebral blood flow or when they have a panic attack. According to statistics, three quarters of the population of the globe has experienced this state at least once.
The causes of fainting are:
- The sudden growth of the intracranial pressure due to cerebral hemorrhage, tumors or other factors.
- Panic attack, strong emotions, stress, starvation.
- Depression and anxiety.
- Fluctuations of the arterial tension.
- Cardiac disease and infections.
- The lack of certain vitamins and minerals from the body, which appear during summer, Excessive heat causes sweating and so one loses important minerals and vitamins from the body, which leads to the modification of the blood composition and fainting.
- The reduction of the blood volume from the brain due to an affection like excessive urination, bleeding or severe diarrhea.
- Certain vascular disorders, especially at the level of the blood vessels in the neck and head.
- Cerebral vascular accidents may cause fainting, as well as other traumatic cerebral lesions.
- The reduction of the content of oxygen and sugar in the blood and affections like anemia, hepatic insufficiency, hypoglycemia, renal failure.
- Hysteric neurosis and other disorders like epilepsy.
- Excessive heat, accompanied by the dehydration of the body.
- Poisoning with certain substances: alcohol, carbon monoxide, medicines, mushrooms, insecticides and others.
In case of fainting, the affected person firstly has a state of weakness and sickness, blurry eyesight, a state of weakness in legs, cold sweating, a pale and humid skin, a weak pulse, shallow breath, dilated pupils, low arterial tension and a feeling of dizziness; then, the person may lose consciousness for a few seconds. If no such symptoms appear and loss of consciousness happens suddenly, then it is considered that the person has suffered a syncope. This is a severe case in which the person needs to be taken to the hospital urgently. In the future, such a person needs to have a more balanced lifestyle by giving up on smoking and alcohol, avoiding salty foods, resting more and by having an alimentation that is rich in vitamins and minerals.
First aid in case of fainting:
- The body needs to be placed in a horizontal position on the bed or on the soil (according to each situation), while the head should be turned on one side.
- The legs need to be placed on a pillow so that they are at a higher level than the position of the head. This will improve the blood flow towards the brain.
- Apply a cold water compresses on the forehead and cheeks.
- Hitting the person with the palms does not help. On the contrary, slapping the person may hurt him/her.
- Remove the collars or belts so that breathing becomes easier.
- The tendency to give water or sweet juice to a person who fainted does not help as he/she cannot swallow correctly. This thing should be done before actually fainting, during the state of weakness, or after recovering from fainting.
- If the person got hurt while fainting and has wounds or bruises, they need to be treated; bleeding can be stopped by pressing the wounds.
- In the case of shivers, cold sweating and a sensation of cold, the body should be wrapped in a blanket.
- After the state of weakness goes away, lift the body slowly from the horizontal position, rest for a while in the sitting position and only then stand.
- If the person has not come to after 1-3 minutes, call the ambulance.